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RED medical offers a FHIR interface for third-party data providers/consumers. This interface is based on the German regulatory standards §291 (Verordnungssoftware - Schnittstelle / VOS) and §371 (Archiv- und Wechselschnittstelle / AWS) SGB V. These interfaces are based on the international FHIR-Standard with local extensions e.g. for statutory billing purposes.

RED Interchange API provides a third-party system with functions

  • to send data to RED for processing and storage. This allows a third-party system e.g. to send data of patients that have been registered to RED. Patient data will be validated in RED as if entered manually and stored in the RED database using the RED end-to-end encryption. 
  • to query data from RED. The third-party system may send query requests to RED (e.g. for patients, patient records or documents) and RED will return data retrieved from its database
  • to execute transactions with the Telematik-Infrastruktur such as basic Konnektor operations (e.g. PIN verification) or complex transactions (e.g. dispensing an electronic prescription)

The RED Interchange API uses the XML-based FHIR format for data exchange. Data to be sent to RED must be separated and packaged into FHIR bundles, and data queried from RED will be returned in FHIR bundles. RED uses the FHIR bundles defined by Kassenärztliche Bundesvereinigung in their AWS project.

In order to ensure the secrecy of person-related data (as required by German criminal law) RED uses end-to-end encryption of all person-related data stored in its data-centers. In order to access data in RED Users must authenticate during login and obtain the cryptographic keys necessary to decrypt and encrypt data. Therefore the RED Interchange API cannot be a server interface, as encryption keys are in the possession of the users only, and data cannot be encrypted or decrypted server-side. By requirement the RED Interchange API expects to communicate with an application installed on the local machine or a locally installed server reachable via localhost.

After a user has logged in successfully and obtained his cryptographic keys a local FHIR server is started by RED on the users machine. If the FHIR server is running RED will act as recipient and listen to POST and GET requests from the sending third-party application.

Setup in RED

To use the RED Interchange API it must be set up for each RED terminal (Arbeitsplatz)For development and testing the tool Postman ( can be used as sending application. Please contact us to receive a Postman collection with sample requests. 

Receiving data from RED - Search and Get

Search requests

To query for data items stored in the RED database GET requests are sent to RED. A search requests uses GET and contains 

  • address of the system (base URL)
  • RED tenant ID
  • type of data to fetch (e.g Patient) with attributes
  • page set to restrict amount of data to fetch
  • optional further parameters to restrict the search

Search requests will return all data items matching the given search criteria. Please note that search for patients is available on request only.

Example for a SEARCH request to search for a patients diagnoses

Example of a search request for all Conditions (=diagnoses) of patient with patient-ID 6006. In this example

  • base URL is localhost:29221
  • RED tenant ID is alexanderwilms_7788
  • type of data to fetch is Condition (=diagnoses)

A successful search request will be responded with a FHIR-Bundle. In this example two diagnoses are found for the given patient. The FHIR bundle has a wrapper with two entries. For detailed description of an entry see below.

Example for the SEARCH result FHIR bundle wrapper
<Bundle xmlns="">
    <id value="3548c21b-28e2-b29e-1f83-9a9658909dd6"/>
        <lastUpdated value="2022-06-24T19:39:11+00:00"/> // date-timestamp of request
    <type value="searchset"/>
    <total value="2"/> // number of results found and returned as <entry>
        <fullUrl value="/Condition/IEG6VfAE0uw0AuYyzQtx2oIsXLFbUslA"/>
            <Condition xmlns="">
                <id value="IEG6VfAE0uw0AuYyzQtx2oIsXLFbUslA"/>         
        <fullUrl value="/Condition/ROAG8t8Bz7MO8yHXAZOA5y2Tc5zVR8RA"/>
            <Condition xmlns="">
                <id value="ROAG8t8Bz7MO8yHXAZOA5y2Tc5zVR8RA"/>

Search is used to query if a certain data item or data items of a given type have been stored in RED. Search can be applied to

  • Encounters (Visits or consultations) and chargecodes
  • Diagnoses
  • Medication (orders and overviews)
  • History items documented in patient record
  • Document references, including stored files (e.g PDF files from scanner or imaging results, printouts of forms created (e.g. Muster, Rezepte) or letters written
  • Practitioners and Organizations (users and user groups)

Read requests

In order to fetch a specific identifiable data item a Read request is used. A read requests uses GET and contains 

  • address of the system (base url)
  • RED tenant ID
  • type of data to fetch (e.g Patient)
  • identifier of the specific data item. The identifier may be an external identifier sent by the third-party system when the data item was created in RED or may have been retrieved by search

Example for a READ request for a specific condition

Example of a search request for all Conditions (=diagnoses) of a given patient. In this example

  • base URL is localhost:29221
  • RED tenant ID is alexanderwilms_7788
  • type of data to fetch is a diagnosis Condition
  • identifier of the condition to fetch is IEG6VfAE0uw0AuYyzQtx2oIsXLFbUslA

A read request for a specific data item will be answered with a single FHIR item of the reqested type.

Example for an entry in the FHIR bundle of search or result of read request
<Condition xmlns="">
    <id value="IEG6VfAE0uw0AuYyzQtx2oIsXLFbUslA"/>
        <versionId value="1"/>
        <lastUpdated value="2022-04-27T00:00:00+00:00"/>. // date of creation / last update in RED
        <profile value="|1.2.0"/>
    <text> // text contains a human-readable description of its content
        <status value="extensions"/>
        <div xmlns="">Diagnose von Patient Luca Fink</div>
    <extension url="">
        <valueBoolean value="true"/>
    <extension url="">
        <valueBoolean value="false"/>
            <system value=""/>
            <code value="active"/>
            <system value=""/>
            <code value="confirmed"/>
            <system value=""/>
            <version value="2017"/>
            <code value="I20.9"/>
            <display value="Angina pectoris"/>
        <reference value="Patient/6tVbNJZq1buNwKmp6UKpd8CpLceNDlRF/_history/1"/>
        <reference value="Encounter/P2U6P2J9K53tahcsGALfMyXA1wEAAroy/_history/1"/>
    <recordedDate value="2022-04-27"/>

Search and read requests can retrieve data for these data types


Encounters represent a patient visit or consultation. Each time a patient record is created for a patient there will be corresponding encounter. Encounters are assignetd to a patient and may be searched.

Example for a SEARCH request for all encounters of a given patient


ICD-10 patient diagnoses are represented by conditions. 

Example for a SEARCH for all diagnoses for a given patient


Medication returns all pharmaceuticals prescribed or documented for a patient.


Document References

Document references are

  • document files that have been uploaded and stored in RED (e.g. pdf files created by a scan and uploaded in RED)
  • forms created in RED (e.g. Überweisung, AU etc.). All Forms will be returned as PDF files regardless of whether a printout has been created or not → Erlkönig - Formulardruck
  • letters created for patients - Erlkönig - Briefe

A SEARCH request for document references returns a bundle of one or more FHIR items of type DocumentReference.

Example for a SEARCH request for all documents of given patient

For each document found the FHIR bundle includes the base64-encoded document content. To avoid long loading time the request can be modified with the summary option to fetch the document metadata without the actual document content. 


Get data items

While search retrieves all data matching the given search criteria (e.g. a patient) specific items can be retrieved by adding their identification to the GET request.

A GET request to retrieve a specific item contains

  • address of the system, 
  • RED tenant ID
  • type of data to fetch
  • identifier of the data item

> GET http://localhost:29221/{tenant}/Patient/1

A GET request containing an identifier always returns a single data item

<Patient xmlns="">
  <id value="1"/>

GET patient

This request will return a FHIR bundle containing the patient FHIR item of a given patient. Patients are identified by their user-readable Patient ID.

> GET http://localhost:29221/{tenant}/Patient/{id}

The Patient ID is displayed for each patient in the patient header. If a patient was created from external data using the FHIR interface the given external patient ID will be used.

GET Document

The base-64 encoded content of a document stored in RED can be accessed by requesting the document by its ID. 

> GET http://localhost:29221/{tenant}/DocumentReference/eR4LDh4fJtmzlwTa

RED uses the internal patient record ID to identify the Document. This can be accessed by requesting all patient documents using the summary option, then requesting the document using the ID in the summary result.

> GET http://localhost:29221/{tenant}/DocumentReference?subject=Patient/{id}&_summary=true

This request returns a FHIR bundle with DocumentReferences. Each DocumentReference has its own unique ID.


       <fullUrl value="/DocumentReference/egMHGB0DlhuKsLzN"/>


           <DocumentReference xmlns="">

               <id value="egMHGB0DlhuKsLzN"/>


                   <versionId value="1"/>

                   <lastUpdated value="2022-02-03T00:00:00+00:00"/>

                   <profile value="|1.2.0"/>


Using this ID the full document content can be retrieved using a second GET request.

> GET http://localhost:29221/{tenant}/DocumentReference/egMHGB0DlhuKsLzN

Create data items

POST requests can be used to send data to and create new data items in RED. Data to be created and stored must be packaged in FHIR bundles. A FHIR bundle contains all data necessary to create the new data item. 

Example: the bundle of a new patient may contain (see Postman example Create Patient)

  • the patient including address and contact information
  • an encounter item stating the date of patient consultation
  • a claim containing insurance data
  • a document reference with file data to store for the new patient
  • the practitioner who has created the data, including name, address and contact information
  • the organization on which behalf the data is created, including address and contact information
  • a practitioner role joining practitioner and organization
  • a provenance item for EVERY data item in the bundle. Provenances specify the context of user and user group in RED. These are required, e.g. to control and limit access to the data item in RED.

> POST http://localhost:29221/{tenant}/Bundle

Request Header should set the content-type to

> 'Content-Type': 'application/fhir+xml; charset=UTF-8'

Request body (see Postman examples)

<Bundle xmlns="">
  <id value="10000"/>
    <versionId value="1"/>
    <lastUpdated value="2020-09-24T12:52:00+00:00"/>
    <profile value="|1.2.0"/>
  <type value="history"/>


Delete Items from RED

> DELETE http://localhost:29221/{tenant}/Bundle/10000

Deletes a stored bundle in RED medical application.

Request an electronic prescription 

The RED interchange API may also be used to communicate with gematik Fachdienst to retrieve stored electronic prescriptions and to send dispense requests.

Request prescription

A prescription is identified by its PrescriptionID and the AccessCode. PrescriptionID and AccessCode are represented by the barcode on the prescription form. The barcode contains a string containing an array of urls. Each url is represented by a string with this format:

Task/<Prescription ID>/$accept?ac=<AccessCode>


In this example the prescriptionID is and AccessCode is b8d9e513cd11cfe0a1d829b96a503e9df5b17803bbdbc4036f32858494539f28.

To get the prescription data for this prescription a GET request is sent:

> GET http://localhost:29221/{tenant}/Task?action=$accept&prescriptionid={PrescriptionID}&accesscode={AccessCode}



This request returns a FHIR bundle with several items.

  • Composition: contains summary information and references to all items in the bundle
  • MedicationRequest: refers to Medication, patient, requester and insurance. Includes administrative information such as copayment, emergencyFee, substitution (aut-idem) or payer (BVG). Also contains the dosage and quantity
  • Medication: contains data of prescribed product (e.g. PZN ID, flag vaccine, Normgröße, form and amount)
  • Patient: person the prescription was created for, including insurance ID, name and address
  • Practitioner: physician who created and signed the prescription, including LANR, name and qualification
  • Organization: practice which created the prescription, including BSNR, address and contact
  • Coverage: payer and insurance information, including insurance status, WOP, person group, copayment status, payer identification

This GET request can be used for the initial fetch of prescription data as well as further requests to fetch the same data later. When the FHIR bundle is returned from Fachdienst a second access code (“secret”) is added. All further requests to Fachdienst (in order to retrieve prescription data again, cancel or dispense the prescription) must include this secret to prove the requesters authorization to access the data. RED stores the secret in its database and adds it automatically for every further processing action of this request.

Return a prescription

After a pharmacy has requested an electronic prescription from Fachdienst and received the FHIR bundle the Fachdienst locks the prescription. If the pharmacy is not able to deliver the prescribed products the prescription can be returned. If a prescription is returned it is released on Fachdienst and may be requested by someone else.

To return a prescription a GET request is sent. In addition to PrescriptionID and AccessCode RED automatically includes the secret.

> GET http://localhost:29221/{tenant}/Task?action=$reject&prescriptionid={PrescriptionID}&accesscode={AccessCode}



Dispense a prescription

After a pharmacy has delivered the prescription a dispense request is created. The dispense request contains a FHIR bundle of type MedicationDispense. 

The bundle is sent to RED using POST

> POST http://localhost:29221/{tenant}/Bundle

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